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Necromunda Beginner’s Guide & Gang Overview

Necromunda is an amazing skirmish tabletop game. But it can also be incredibly hard to get into. This is why I have created this Necromunda Beginner’s Guide. By the end, you should know everything you need to get started!

Introduction to Necromunda Beginner’s Guide

Necromunda is a tabletop skirmish game by Games Workshop set in the dystopian future of the Warhammer 40.000 universe. In the game, you play as one of the gangs fighting over territory and resources in a city of billions on the wasteland planet Necromunda.

Each of the fighters in your gang can be outfitted with a great variety of weapons and wargear, and as you play through campaign missions against other players, you gain new weapons and territory, but you will also lose fighters permanently, and some of them will have to fight on with injuries, amputations and prosthetics.

The detailed lore of the game and the level of customization available to your gang is part of what makes Necromunda stand out from the crowd of skirmish games: A lot of the time, it almost feels like playing a tabletop roleplaying game as much as a tactical skirmish game.

This also means that there is a lot to keep track of: Which gang should you choose? What gear should they bring, and in which rulebooks do you find it? Which missions are available to play in a campaign, and what rewards can players gain from completing objectives? How do I make my gang fit the lore of the House they represent? – And so on.

To help you get started with Necromunda, this guide covers an overview of the lore of the game, covers the basics of the game’s rules, considers the pros and cons of the game’s rules and products, and helps you choose what to buy to get started with the game.

It also gives you a short overview of the gangs available to play in the game, which we plan to expand into full guide articles for each gang in the future.

Necromunda is an amazingly engaging experience if you can gather a couple of friends for a campaign. You grow attached to your fighters and mourn their deaths when they are taken out, and your cheer for them when they manage to survive and improve.

The game is also a hobbyist’s dream, as you can basically field any conversion or kitbash you can imagine if you have a cool backstory and the in-game credits for it, and the plastic kits available for each gang are of high quality and full of equipment options.

The game’s terrain rules are made for verticality and dense, cluttered gaming tables, so if you like building and painting terrain and custom scenery, Necromunda is perfect for it.

Necromunda is similar to Warhammer 40k Kill Team, but also very different. You can see that from just scrolling through the Kill Team factions here.

Necromunda Lore

Necromunda is set on a planet where billions of humans live in gigantic spire cities called Hives under horrible conditions. Unless you live at the top of these hive cities, you rarely taste fresh air or enjoy natural sunlight.

Since the societies of Necromunda have exhausted the natural resources of their planet thousands of years ago, everything is recycled or imported from off-planet. The focus on recycling makes everything a commodity that can be exploited for financial or political gain: someone has to control air supply, food production, waste recycling, even the gathering of corpses of dead citizens, as well as the industrial production neccessary to have something to trade for the goods coming in from off-planet.

This means most of the hives are governed by a futuristic version of a medieval feudal system: Different clans and houses control different trades and areas, and below them, gangs and industrial workers owe allegiance to those houses. At the top of the feudal pyramid, Lord Helmawr, the ruler of the planet, presides over this great struggle between warring factions, and intervenes whenever conflicts aren’t playing out as he wants them to.

As a player, you play one of the small gangs trying to carve out a space for themselves pretty far down the social ladder.

About half the gangs you can play owe allegiance to one of the great Houses:

  • Goliath
  • Escher
  • Orlock
  • Van Saar
  • Cawdor
  • Delaque

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These Houses have a presence in all the hives across the planet, and each of them has a unique history and culture, as well as fighting styles and weaponry.

The other half of the gangs available to your represent other powers in the world of Necromunda: You can play as bounty hunters, law enforcement, Chaos cults, slave rebels, and even as followers of an alien uprising.

Your gang fights for territory, wargear, and the recognition of their own House and that of Lord Helmawr. The game doesn’t have a fixed storyline, but the Necromunda Rulebook has a detailed overview of the Hive cities, the history of Necromunda and the different factions of the game. In addition to this, each of the House gangs have, or are about to get, a dedicated book that goes into even more detail about their lore, notable characters of the House and a ton of rules for playing gangs from that House.

Instead of having a fixed storyline, the game makes use of an Arbitrator when you play a campaign. An Arbitrator is akin to a Game Master in a pen and paper role-playing game, as she sets the scene for the campaign, keeps track of everything going on, and tells the story of the campaign in a newsletter or in recaps as the campaign progresses. This is a super cool feature, that I personally look to implement in other skirmish games.

Necromunda’s lore is very detailed, and there’s a good chance you’ll only scratch the surface of it in your first campaigns. If you like the storytelling aspect of tabletop gaming, however, there are few games out there that offer the same “almost an RPG” feel as Necromunda.

You can read more about the lore of each gang/House in the gang section below, but for now, let’s have a look at how the setting of Necromunda translates to the rules for the game.

Rundown of rules for Necromunda

The core of any Necromunda game, whether you’re playing a campaign, a single skirmish game or a tournament, is a mission where two or more gangs of miniatures fight against each other on a three-dimensional battlefield, using dice to determine the outcome of attacks and abilities, until one gang has accomplished its objectives.

In this section, I cover all the main aspects of the game’s rules. All the basic rules for the game can be found in the Necromunda Rulebook, whereas the rules for gangs, equipment and missions are spread across a number of books detailed at the end of this section.

Building a Gang

Each player in a game of Necromunda commands a gang crew made up of models to represent the fighters on the tabletop, and fighter cards to show their statistics, skills and equipment.

Credits for buying fighters and gear

When you start a game, you are usually given an amount of credits that tells you how expensive your fighters are allowed to be in the game. Different fighter types cost different amounts of credits, and all weapons and wargear have a price as well.

The credits pricing system is the game’s way of making sure fights are balanced. If you have previous experience with Warhammer 40,000 or even other similarly customizable skirmish games, you’ll feel right at home in this system. However, if, like many of the readers of this site, you usually play Warcry or Age of Sigmar, having to calculate the points costs of both the fighters and their wargear can make it much more difficult to assess the strength of your gang relative to the strength of your opponent’s gang.

The great thing about such an advanced system compared to the pre-built fighter cards of Warcry is that you can really make a gang unique to you and the ways of playing the game you prefer. Even if it isn’t the most competitive option, you can equip everyone with shivs and clubs if you want, or make a character wielding dual pistols that you have a special backstory for.

There are so many opportunities for storytelling in this system, even on the hobby level: you literally build the model with the weapons and gear you’ve put on its fighter card, which means you can make use of all sorts of bits and kits to build just the fighter you imagine should be part of your gang.

Fighter Statistics

Every fighter has an array of statistics that determine how it works in the game. It has a Move statistic and a Wounds statistic like in most other Games Workshop games, as well as a Ballistics skill and a Weapons skill like what Warhammer 40,000 players are used to.

In fact, most of a fighter’s statistics are recognisable to Warhammer 40,000 players, but Necromunda also uses a Cool, Willpower and Intelligence statistic, which helps the game simulate stress, fear, mental fortitude and skill in much greater detail than in the larger tabletop games.

Leaders and Champions usually have better statistics than gangers or juves, which are gang prospects you can hire at a much lower credits cost than other fighter types, but the fighter types also vary in their access to different weapons, and in their access to skills. What fighter types and skills are available varies from gang to gang, so we will cover that in the dedicated gang articles in the future.


There are 8 skill sets in Necromunda (as well as one unique skill set for each gang that has it’s own dedicated book), and any fighter type that gets a free skill at the beginning of the game has specific skill sets it can choose from.

The skill sets help you pick skills that fit the playstyle of your fighters: Agility skills such as Catfall help you move more freely on the battlefield, Shooting skills improve your abilities in ranged combat, Leadership skills let you improve nearby friendly fighters, and so on.

They are an interesting layer of specialization to any gang, and they often give pretty substantial bonuses to your fighter, such as extra attack actions, ways to avoid damage, or brand new actions to make on their activation.


Weapons in Necromunda are almost little characters in their own right when it comes to their rules and statistics: They have Range and Accuracy (both split in a Short and Long value), Strength, Armour Piercing, Damage and Ammo.

Close combat weapons lack some of these statistics, of course, but all weapons also have traits, which are rules that determine how they work in combat, such as Rapid Fire, Knockback, Backstab, and so on. This means that you don’t just pick weapons for their damage value, but also for the ways in which they can give you tactical advantages in different situations.

Between weapons, skills, statistics and fighter types, your gang can almost feel more like an adventuring party from a role-playing game than a squad of soldiers from a tabletop game. To some players, this will be too much complexity, but if you like the storytelling aspects of tabletop games, few games currently available give you as many options as Necromunda.


Some gangs even allow psykers – the magic-wielding mutants of the Warhammer 40,000 universe – into their ranks, which opens up another set of systems for using “wyrd” powers, dueling with other psykers and so on. This is detailed in the Necromunda Rulebook.

Other additions to your gang

As if the variety of fighters you can create wasn’t enough, Necromunda also offer the option to field different kinds of special characters for your gang.

Hive Scum are cheap fighters that you can use to fill out your roster. You can equip them with simple weapons, their statistics aren’t great, and they don’t gain experience like the rest of your gang: You only hire them for a battle at a time.

Bounty Hunters are also hired for a battle at a time, but they are much more expensive and unique, their ranks including mutants, psykers, weapons specialists and even squats, a futuristic abhuman species that look just like fantasy dwarfs.

Hangers-On are fighters that give your gang bonuses useful outside of combat in a campaign, such as better resources, healing and advantages during the setup of a battle.

Brutes are monstrous fighters, such as the robotic Ambot or the Escher Khimerix, which add both character and fighting power to your gang. Each of the House gangs has a Brute unique to them.

Exotic Beasts are pets and smaller creatures, cyborgs and robots that you can add to your gang as well. They can only be purchased by leaders and champions as a kind of wargear, but have fighter cards of their own. They fill the role of pets for your best fighters, showing off your wealth and experience.

It’s worth noting that the imagination of the rules writers for Necromunda far exceeds the company’s capacity for producing miniatures, and while many of the different additions to your gang detailed in this section do have miniatures, often produced by GW’s sister company Forge World, many others have rules but no models yet. Feel free to use any model you have that could fit the decription of the mercenary or creature you want to field in your gang.

This is very different from the more mainstream GW games, where they are moving towards only having rules for things if they actually have a miniature that can represent it and the equipment in the rules. For some this will be odd and a bit scary. For others, it will be one of the greatest strengths of the game!

Tactics Cards

In addition to fighters and their fighter cards, your arsenal for any game of Necromunda also includes gang tactics, which you can either use from a list in your gang’s dedicated rulebook (if it has one) or purchase as Tactics Cards to help you keep track of them in game. These are special abilities tailored for your gang, which can help you gain advantage in a variety of situations.

The Goliath gang, for example, has a tactic called Unleash the Fear, which forces all enemies close to your fighter to make a Cool check (see the rules section below). If they fail, they become Broken, which means they must flee your fighters until they have time to calm down.

In each game you get to choose a specific number of gang tactics to bring, so they become a sort of mini-deckbuilding game within the larger game of Necromunda.

All in all, there are so many aspects to building a gang that it can seem like an insurmountable task at first. It’s worth it, though: If you take the time to understand the different systems, you can end up with a gang full of character and interesting tactical options.

Ways to Play Necromunda

There are primarily two ways to play Necromunda: Single games called Skirmish Games, and many consecutive games where the outcome influences the composition of your gang called Campaigns.

Skirmish Games

In a skirmish game, you simply create a gang for a pre-defined credits cost, add some additional skills to them to simulate the game taking place when the fighters have some experience, and then you pick any scenario to determine the victory conditions for the game. This type of game is great for just enjoying the tactical gameplay of Necromunda, as well as for tournaments, but a lot of the charm of the game lies in your fighters changing and progressing across a campaign, so it’s not what the game was primarily designed for.

The rules for running and customizing Skirmish games can be found in the Necromunda Rulebook.

Campaign Games

A campaign is a series of games where each player grows their gang in contest with other players, grabbing territory, buying new fighters, finding interesting loot and trying to become the winner of the story being played out.

The most common campaign type is the Dominion Campaign, in which players fight over a predetermined number of territories. Each territory gives a gang a bonus, and as you win games, your gang grows in wealth and reputation, which determines what new wargear and fighters it can purchase.

On top of this, gangs can capture fighters of other gangs, try to free captives, buy new equipment at the trading post and assault strongholds.

The campaign is presided over by an arbitrator who keeps track of everything and ensures everyone is part of an interesting story.

There are other campaign types as well, such as the Law and Misrule campaign from the Book of Judgement, where law-abiding gangs fight outlaw gangs. This campaign type can be combined with the Dominion Campaign, which makes everything pretty complex, while also adding many other ways to improve and customize your gang than if you were playing just one campaign type.

In campaign games, the effects of the “metagame” outside of battle is divided into a pre- and post-battle sequence, where you apply resources to your gang before a game or treat injuries and collect rewards after a game.

Campaigns in Necromunda are meant to take place over several weeks or even months, so they are best suited for players who live close to a gaming shop or club, or who have wargaming friends living close by. The system is not as flexible as, for instance, the Warcry campaign system, where who you play against doesn’t matter to your warband’s progression, but it is also far more complex and role-playing-like.

But if you are looking for a skirmish game with a campaign system that has a bit more “crunch” and depth, look no furhter than Necromunda. It is amazing!

Playing Necromunda

A lot of scenery is needed!

A game of Necromunda can be played on any gaming table, but the game has so detailed rules for scenery, as well as some amazing modular terrain kits available, that you should try to build as interesting a battlefield as possible. The game can be played fairly horisontally, with you fighters running through narrow corridors and ducking behind crates and barrels, or you can go in the opposite direction and conjure up residential areas or factories full of towers, walkways, ladders and walls. The game has rules for falling damage, cover, line of sight, locked doors and so on, so you can make up almost any battlefield you can imagine.

Some scenarios have specific rules for how to setup terrain, and otherwise the game uses two scenery rulesets, Zone Mortalis and Sector Mechanicus, which are detailed in the Necromunda Rulebook (seriously, that book is amazing)

Turns and Activations

Every game is made up of rounds, which are made up of three phases:

  • The Priority Phase where players roll off to see who goes first
  • The Action Phase where players take turns to activate one of their fighters (also known as an “I go, you go” system) until all fighters have had their activation. Before the activations begin, players roll to see if any of their fighters flee.
  • The End Phase where players roll to see if their fighters recover from wounds, regain their morale or get closer to fleeing the battlefield.


Each activation, a fighter who isn’t impaired by status effects can make two actions. Basic actions, such as shooting or fighting, can only be taken once per activation, while simple actions such as moving or reloading, can be done twice. Double actions are actions that take up a full activation. There are many action types depending on the status and position of your fighter, and this is where the complexity of the Necromunda rules really begin to set in: There is so much you can do in a turn. You can also open doors, carry boxes of loot, climb, crawl and so on. We can’t cover it all here, but let’s just look at how the shooting and fighting actions work.

Resolving Combat

One thing that really shows the “it’s almost a role-playing game” character of the Necromunda ruleset is that your are not allowed to measure distances between models whenever you feel like it. This means, that when you want to use a shoot action, you have to be pretty confident that you are within range of the target, since you can only measure the distance after having declared who you are shooting at. This gives a super old-school feel and was the way Warhammer games where played “back in the days”.

You can even waste ammo in this way, since you have to take the shot no matter if you are within range or not – the game only cares that you decided to take the shot, not if you have any chance of hitting it.

Shooting is done by rolling a dice and trying to roll equal to or higher than your Ballistics skill. You have to shoot the closest visible target, and all sorts of rules for cover and line of sight apply.

If you score a hit, you compare your Strength (that of your fighter or the weapon fired) to the Toughness of the target to see how hard it will be to wound the target, and then roll another dice to check if you succeed. Players of Warhammer 40,000 or Warcry will be familiar with this system.

Finally, the target can roll a dice to see if their armour saves them from the wound.

Melee combat is similar, but if any target survives your melee attack, they get a free reaction attack to fight back.

As with everything in Necromunda, fighting and shooting is much more complex than what we describe here: You can take aim to hit enemies far away when you shoot, make coup de grace attacks against prone targets, and if you throw a grenade, you can even use a special scatter dice to see if it rolls off in the wrong direction before detonating. The rulebook does a good and very thorough job of explaining these rules, though, and they have also been adjusted by an FAQ document after release, which is available to download here.

Wounds, Injuries and Dying

When any of your fighters lose all their wounds (for instance, if a fighter with 2 Wounds takes 2 damage), you have to roll an injury dice to see what happens to them. They can either be removed from play immediately, with a risk of actually dying after the game is over, get a serious injury or fight on with a flesh wound that decreases their Toughness. If you avoid rolling the symbol that takes your fighter out of the game, they have a chance to recover in the end phase.

Nerve Tests and Fleeing

If one of your fighters is taken down close to any of your other fighters, those have to roll a dice to see if they become Broken, demoralized by seeing a comrade fall. If they do, they have to run for cover and can’t be activated in that round. In the End phase, you also have to roll to see if any fighters flee.

This system serves a couple of purposes: First, it adds a layer of strategy to how you position your fighters, and which enemies you target. It’s awesome to see the resolve of the enemy break because you took down one fighter in the middle of their ranks, and everyone else started running for cover. Secondly, the possibility of a game ending by one side fleeing the field can also mean that more of your fighters survive to fight in the next game of your campaign instead of being taken out of action or injured.

Winning a Game

Each scenario has it’s own victory conditions, but many of them end the game when one player has no more fighters to activate on the battlefield. Afterwards, victory points are scored, and a winner is declared.

Improving your Gang

When playing a campaign, your fighters gain not only wealth and territory after a game, but also Experience which can be used to develop them further as characters and as fighters.

Fighters gain experience points when they take enemy fighters out of action or complete scenario objectives, and these can be used to buy advancements, such as a specialist role for the fighter, improved statistics or new skills. This roleplaying-like progression system is only made more interesting by the fact that you never know if the fighter you just promoted gets hits by a stray grenade and dies in the next game you play. You have to be careful who you send on a mission, and this makes you even more invested in the fates of your fighters.

What do I need to get started with Necromunda?

There are many ways to get what you need to get started with Necromunda, but if you want a complete package and like the gangs available in it, the Necromunda: Dark Uprising starter set is the way to go. It contains a Corpse Grinder Cult gang, a Palanite Enforcer gang, some awesome scenery, a battle map, a rulebook and all the cards, dice, tokens and rulers necessary to play the game.

While we recommend the Dark Uprising starter set for its vertical scenery, another starter set was released in 2021 called Necromunda: Hive War.

Hive War also contains the rulebook, but in an updated format with all errata included, as well as an Escher Gang, a Delaque gang and a game board with wall modules and obstacles that allow you to make a thematic corridor battlefield, but without any verticality to it. Hive War is a lot cheaper than Dark Uprising, though, so if you love the gangs in the set or just want to try Necromunda before you fully commit, it’s definitely a beginner’s set that has everything you need to play the game.

If you are not interested in either of the gangs included in the starter sets, the other easy way to get started is buy a box of models for the gang you like (see the section on what miniatures to buy below), as well as the Necromunda Rulebook and the Gangs of the Underhive book.

The Necromunda Rulebook contains all the rules for playing the game in both Skirmish and Campaign formats, as well as a detailed lore section about the planet Necromunda, its history, politics and gang cultures.

Gangs of the Underhive contains rules for each of the six Great Houses, as well as rules for a variety of Hangers-On, Hired Guns and so on for your gangs. It also contains rules for the Trading Post where your gang can buy new equipment between missions.

If you want the full Necromunda experience, you need both of these books, and it can sometimes be difficult to figure out just why these two aren’t just one big book.

If your gang has had an update in 2020/2021, it will also have a dedicated gang book, such as:

You will want to buy that gang book as well, since it gives you many more options for building and playing your gang.

The other gangs have their rules available in various books, and the section below this one shows you where to find them.

You will also need a set of Necromunda Dice. The game uses 6-sided dice, but with a couple of special symbols on them which have effects in the game, so for ease of use it’s nice to have dice that are custom-made for Necromunda.

Another thing you’ll need are fighter cards, which can actually be hard to find. The Games Workshop webstore doesn’t sell them in all territories, but you can often find them in local game stores or elsewhere on the internet. If you can’t, there are images of them in the rulebook that you can use to transcribe your own.

Tactic Cards are also great to have, but many of them are sold out, so you can also rely on the tactics available in your gang book. Games Workshop have made some universal Tactics card available as a free download here.

The game also uses plastic blast markers and templates for weapons such as grenades and flamethrowers. These are included in the starter set, but can also be bought online, even though Games Workshop don’t sell them separately.

Finally, you need some tokens to track different aspects of the game. Luckily, Games Workshop has made a free PDF with these that you can download here

What gangs or Houses are available in Necromunda, and where you can get their rules?

This is a rundown of each gang in Necromunda and where you can find the rules for them. In the section after this, we will look at what gangs have a box of miniatures you can buy.

House Goliath

The gangers of House Goliath are easily recognisable on the battlefield due to their huge size and berserker-like appearance. House Goliath rules the foundries of Necromunda, and their workers are genetically and pharmaceutically enhanced to be as strong as possible. They are a strength-worshipping gang, focused on melee combat and heavy weaponry. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive and House of Chains.

House Escher

Made up entirely of female warriors, the gangs of house Escher are known for their venom-tipped blades and wide assortment of chemical weapons. House Escher runs the manufacturing of drugs and elixirs on Necromunda, and their gangers are fast, nimble and equipped with deadly and elegant weaponry. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive and House of Blades.

House Orlock

House Orlock controls the mining operations on Necromunda, as well as the protection of caravans transporting raw materials to the Hives. Orlock gangers have access to a vast array of cheap, reliable rifles, shotguns and pistols, so they can overwhelm the enemy with sheer, unsophisticated firepower. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive and House of Iron.

House Cawdor

Fanatically religious and with a greater population than any other House, Cawdor devotes itself to the industry of recycling everything in the Hives. They see themselves as the true representatives of the Emperor of Mankind on Necromunda, and they go to battle as a horde of fanatics with crude hand weapons and retrofitted polearms with guns attached to them. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive

House Van Saar

House Van Saar is characterized by their unique access to ancient technology that lets them produce weapons more sophisticated than any other House on Necromunda. This technology is slowly killing them, however, so you can always recognize them by their pale skin and protective harnesses that keep them alive. In battle, Van Saar employs radiation weapons and energy weapons, as well as protective shields, and they look like they belong in a more advanced future rather than in the dirty corridors of the Hives. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive and House of Artifice.

House Delaque

This mysterious House thrives on espionage and secrets, and their main source of income is selling information to other Houses. They barely look human, tall and slender in strange cloaks with their bald heads and strange protective eyewear. Their rules can be found in Gangs of the Underhive, and they will get a dedicated book later in 2021.

Chaos Helot Gang

A Chaos Helot Gang worships the powers of Chaos and works to spread their influence on Necromunda. They can perform rituals, field psychic Cult Witches, and pledge allegiance to one of the four Chaos Gods to gain specific bonuses. You can either begin the game as a Chaos gang, or you regular gang can convert to the worship of Chaos over the course of a campaign! Their rules can be found in the Book of Ruin.

Slave Ogryn Gang

This gang is made up of abhuman Ogryn, hulking brutes who serve as slaves in the industrial areas of Necromunda, but now rising up to fight their masters. They aren’t very intelligent, but are strong in close combat and can be augmented with prosthetic weaponry. Their rules can be found in the House of Chains book.

Genestealer Cults Gang

Human-alien hybrids preparing Necromunda for invasion, the Genestealer Cults may look like humans in their mining gear, but some of them have psychic powers, others have more than two arms, and their familiars crawl on walls an through ventilation shafts. They have a variety of fighter types at their disposal and are pretty versatile. You can start your gang as a Genestealer Cults Gang or have your House Gang get infiltrated by the Cults during a campaign. Their rules can be found in the Book of Ruin.

Palanite Enforcers Gang

The Palanite Enforcers are the military police of Necromunda, trying to keep law and order on behalf of Lord Helmawr. They have access to heavy weaponry such as boltguns and rams, as well as riot gear such as stun batons and shields. They’re definitely not the good guys, as their policing methods are very brutal, but they offer a different perspective on the story and politics of Necromunda. Their rules can be found in the Book of Judgement.

Corpsegrinder Cults Gang

This terrifying gang of Chaos-worshipping cannibals are armed almost exclusively with close combat weapons and fight in plate mail armor. They are former butchers from the corpse recycling plants of Necromunda who have now lost their sanity, rampaging through the streets in worship of the Chaos God of Rage. Their rules can be found in the Book of Ruin.

Venator Gang

A Venator Gang is an association of Bounty Hunters working together to fulfil contracts in the Hives. Far more diverse than any House gang, these gangs can be made up of ex-gangers, military deserters, abhumans, off-worlders and mercenaries, which means that you are able to build more or less the gang you feel like within the Venator framework. They can be made to fulfil almost any role in combat, but lack the specialization and focus of House gangs that excel at one particular strategy. Their rules can be found in Book of Peril.

Building, buying and painting Necromunda gangs

The “What you see is what you get” nature of Necromunda, where the choices you’ve made during the creation of your gang are supposed to be visible on the models you use for the game, can make the hobby aspect of the game seem a bit overwhelming (or super exciting if that is your jam). You have to find the right weapon bits and wargear for your models, and unless you magnetize the arms of your models, once you’ve chosen a loadout for a fighter and glued together the model for it, it’s difficult to change your choices. So magnetising weapons can be a great option for Necromunda.

For many players of the game, this complexity and diverse weapons range is also what makes it so much fun: You end up with a gang full of character, and you can even paint or model battle damage onto the models as you progress in a campaign. When the campaign is done, you can put the gang in a display case as a monument to a great campaign.

Luckily for those just getting started, many gangs in Necromunda can be built from just one box of miniatures.

The following gangs have a dedicated gang kit that has enough models and different weapon options to build you a good starter gang:

Goliath Gang Box

Escher Gang Box

Orlock Gang Box

Van Saar Gang Box

Cawdor Gang Box

Delaque Gang Box

Corpse Grinder Cults Gang Box

Palanite Enforcers Gang Box

Slave Ogryn Gang Gang Box

All these kits are great, with options for leaders, champions, gangers and a variety of special weapons. They’re all cast in high-quality GW plastic and are pretty easy to assemble.

The following gangs also have an additional box of fighters available:

Palanite Enforcers

Palanite Subjugator Patrol (This and the Enforcer Patrol are actually both basic kits for building a standard gang, but they have different options in each box)


Goliath Stimmers and Forge-born


Escher Death-Maidens and Wyld Runners


Orlock Arms Masters and Wreckers

Van Saar:

Van Saar Archeoteks and Grav-Cutters

These kits add new weapons or fighter types to the gang, and apart from the one for Palanite Enforcers, they’re all connected to the dedicated books for each major gang that are currently being released. House Cawdor and House Delaque are also expected to get a book and an expansion box in 2021.

However, if you’re not afraid of working with resin miniatures, these boxes are just the beginning. Forge World have released pack with alternate heads and weapons for all the six major House gangs, as well as an assortment of champion miniatures and even rats with bombs strapped to their backs, which is a wargear a House Cawdor gang can take.

In a surprise move, Games Workshop also started releasing plastic upgrade packs for the six House gangs in 2021.

Plastic upgrade packs with weapons, wargear and heads are available to the following gangs:

Escher Weapons and Upgrades Pack

Goliath Weapons & Upgrades Pack

For the other gangs, you’ll have to look to models released for the Warhammer 40,000 tabletop game:

  • Genestealer Cults have quite a few kits available in Warhammer 40,000 that are usable in Necromunda: The Neophyte Hybrids kit builds most of what you would need for a standard 1000 credits gang, while the Aberrants and Acolyte Hybrids kits build some of the gang’s special fighter types. The Broodcoven is great for building leaders as well as containing two familiars, which are also usable in a Genestealer Cults gang.

    The Acolyte Iconward is cool if you want to field a Cult Icon for one of your fighters. Since Genestealer Cults are often in disguise, you could also use any other gang kit from Necromunda, and just add bits from the Genestealer Cults Upgrade Frame to make models from those kits look more like Neophyte Hybrids.
  • Chaos Helot Cults can be a bit more difficult to build. Games Workshop used to produce a pretty amazing Chaos Cultists unit as part of the Dark Vengeance box set, so if you can find that on Ebay or in a second hand store, you can build a whole gang from it. You can also use the cheap 5-model Chaos Cultists box, but they’re push fit and hard to customize.

    The Warhammer Quest game Blackstone Fortress contains a unit of Traitor Guardsmen who would make awesome Chaos Cultists, and the Cultists of the Abyss set for Blackstone Fortress (which can also be found in the game’s expansion Blackstone Fortress Escalation) are also recent sculpts that would fit right in your chaos gang.

    Like the Genestealer Cults, you can make almost any miniature fit a Chaos Helot Cult by adding a few bits: Some marks of Chaos Gods, some skulls or ritual bones will make anything look like it’s a Chaos worshipper.
  • Venator Gangs can be built from absolutely anything. You get to choose what kinds of fighters you want to bring, and what models should represent them. The key to doing a Venator gang right is to make sure it’s easy for your opponent to read the loadout of your fighters from the way their models are built, and to make sure every fighter looks distinct. Gangers who used to serve one of the six great Houses can also join a Venator gang, so you can use any of the kits mentioned in this section.

Another purchase that really helps your newly founded gang come together are bases such as the Zone Mortalis: Bases Set, which are pre-sculpted plastic bases that look like the steel corridors you fight in, in the game. They add character to any model, and are much easier to paint than what you would have to go through if you based the model from scratch.

When it comes to painting Necromunda gangs, you are generally free to do whatever you want. The rulebooks have suggestions for color schemes for many of the gangs, but on a planet with many billions living in the Hives, there is no one way a gang should look.

Warhammer TV on Youtube have video tutorials for painting most of the gangs the way they look in their box art, but you can also just use what you know from painting human models in any other game. We plan to make gang articles for each one here on Age of Miniatures and they will go into more detail about tips for painting surfaces and effects suitable to different gangs, weapons and fighter types.

Pros and Cons of Necromunda as a Skirmish Game

+ Deep backstory
+ Extreme freedom to create and customize your gang
+ Complex but fun to play rules that simulate a ton of different aspects of futuristic gang warfare
+ great campaign systems
+ awesome miniatures and scenery available, but also the freedom to use whatever you want

– a couple of book purchases are necessary to play the game
– the location of the rules of various gangs, mercenaries, scenarios, weapons and game systems across the many books available can be difficult to figure out
– some important game aids such as fighter cards don’t seem to be in production
– quite a few special fighters have rules without models available to represent them